Zion church member Matthew J. Perry, Lincoln C. Jenkins, Jr., Dr. C.O. Spann, NAACP leader I. DeQuincey Newman, and student participants in the Edwards v. South Carolina march. (Image courtesy of Cecil Williams)
Edwards v. South Carolina (1963)
In March 1961, 187 protesters were arrested following a planned demonstration on the South Carolina State House grounds. A lawsuit filed on their behalf— Edwards v. South Carolina – reached the United States Supreme Court. On February 25, 1963, the court ruled that the 14th Amendment forbids a state “to make criminal the peaceful expression of unpopular views,” providing legal protection for continued demonstrations nationwide.